If you’re new to CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), you’ve probably heard of the words padding and margin. Both may look like the same thing, but their uses are different. You may not know how to use these two in your website designs, or you may want to make your designs better. Let’s learn what these two concepts are, their differences, and how to use them. Before we answer the question of padding vs margin, let’s take a closer look at each component.
What Are Padding and Margin?
Padding and Margin are part of what is called the Box Model. In CSS, everything is surrounded by Box Model. Each box consists of 4 parts: the content edge, padding edge, border edge, and margin edge. Here’s how the box model works: a content area in the middle, surrounding that you can do the padding, surrounding that you can do the border, and surrounding that you can do the margin.
Padding is used to create space around an element inside a border. Increases the size of an item or reduces its content to create space. You can also set the padding for all four sides of the item.
Padding shortcuts: padding-top, padding-right, padding-bottom, padding-left.
Margin is the distance of an item from its surrounding items. The margin remains out of two items. In other words, the margin creates a space outside the border. Margin can also be set on all four sides of an item. The margin feature allows you to create spaces between HTML elements. Margin shortcuts: margin-top, margin-right, margin-bottom, margin-left.
Padding vs Margin
Both are used to create spaces between items, but the difference is in creating spaces. Margin pushes the items adjacent to it away from it; in a way, he pushes them. The padding creates space by increasing its size or decreasing the size of the element inside.
Margins and padding are transparent. Another difference between padding and margin is that the padding includes background images and background colors, but not the margins, background images, and colors. The margin is the area outside the border, the space between the padding, border, and content.
When Should You Use Padding or Margin?
When designing your website, you should know which one to use. You can use Margin whenever you want to move an item up, down, right, and left on the page. Center an item horizontally on your page with fixed width by increasing the value of margin auto if you wish. You should also use margin when you want to adjust the distance between items that are close to each other. Also, you can also overlap items because negative items are available when using margins.
Consider padding whenever you want to create a space between an item and a border. While doing this, you can also see the background around the item. You can also use padding to change the size of an item. When the padding value increases, the text stays the same size but with more space around it.
FAQ on Padding vs Margin
You can add padding by using the padding-top, padding-right, padding-bottom, padding-left properties around an element in CSS. You can also easily add padding in CSS using the shortcuts you have created.
The margin-bottom property is for setting the margins below an item. Positive value zooms out; negative value zooms in.
You should give the header tag a 1px border, and you can turn off the auto margin by setting the body margin to zero.
You can use the background-clip feature and box-shadow to add color to CSS padding. You can also add color in padding, but you cannot use this feature in the margin.
It is essentially the same as adding padding. All you need to do is use margin-top, margin-right, margin-bottom, and margin-left instead of “padding” words. You can also use shortcuts you have created yourself.
Conclusion on Padding vs Margin
In this article, we talked about what padding and margin are, how to use them, and the differences between them for those who are new to designing a website or improving their design.
We hope we were able to help. If you have made it this far, we believe that you might be also interested in our review of the 10 best website designs that we have picked for you.